2010 Undergraduate Research

How do heart rate and blood lactate levels in physically active individuals compare in maximal effort upper extremity versus lower extremity ergometer exercise? 
Nick Kohler and Callie Harpischer
 Exercise Studies and Sport Science

Aerobic capacity of division III femal soccer players 
Aaron Hellem and Marie Boo 
Exercise Studies and Sport Science

Do gender differences in maximum oxygen consumption exist when normalized by lean body mass in trained college individuals? 
Abby Kephart and Emily Willaert 
Exercise Studies and Sport Science

Acute effect of V-force vibration on "Sit and Reach" flexibility compared to static stretching in college males
Chase Endres and Mike Stiller
Exercise Studies and Sport Science

What is the effect of using the V-force total body vibration machine on the vertical jump height of CSB volleyball players 
Emily Reinhert 
Exercise Studies and Sport Science

What is the difference in blood lactate between female 200m and 800m runners after completing their respective races? 
Mike Powers and Abby Neigebauer 
Exercise Studies and Sport Science

Does the last weeks of the CSB hockey team's pre-season interval training program replicate the energetic demands of intercollegiate women's ice hockey game and/or practice? 
Mark Isaacson
Exercise Studies and Sport Science

What are the effects of using the V-force whole body vibration machine on the vertical jump of female college students? 
Kristen Herges and Tommy Purnell
Exercise Studies and Sport Science

Caffeine increases maximal oxygen consumption in female college-aged recreational athletes. 
Ashley Davenport and Laurie Verant 
Biology and Nutrition

Caffeine is used by athletes to enhance performance. Most research on caffeine uses time to exhaustion tests in male athletes. We examined the effects of caffeine in female athletes by using a maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) test. Average VO2 max increased 4.8 percent, runtime increased 4.7 percent, but maximal heart rate did not change with caffeine. Furthermore, with caffeine there was a significant decrease in RPE at the end of the last completed test stage. A low dose of caffeine significantly increases VO2 max and allows runners to work harder at the same peak heart rates.

Iron deficiency in division III male cross country runners.
Sarah Gervais and Jessica Walker
 Nutrition and Biology

Iron deficiency in males is rare; however, male runners have increased iron losses that may result in decreased athletic performance. Our purpose was to assess the iron status of the runners and identify subjects who are iron deficient. Mean iron intake was 25.07±9.17mg (RDA for males is 8 mg/day). Initial mean serum ferritin was 99.03±70.43 ng/mL; values <20 ng/mL may impair performance. Final mean serum ferritin was 126.78±80.86 ng/mL. After 12 weeks, only two (5 percent) of the original eight subjects with low serum ferritin values remained <40 ng/mL. The incidence was 21.0 percent, which is high enough to warrant routine screenings for iron status.

Significant risk of dehydration in young soccer players. 
Abby Milton
Nutrition  and Biology

Soccer is played in a continuous manner with limited opportunities for athletes to rest and rehydrate. Young athletes are more prone to heat-related illnesses. Our purpose was to assess the risk of dehydration in youth soccer players recruited from two local youth soccer associations. Most players (82 percent) started their games dehydrated and failed to drink sufficient fluids to improve their status during the game. On average players should consume between 1200-1800 mL during competition, but some subjects consumed less than 500 mL. The tendency for these young athletes to start their games dehydrated places them at risk to develop heat-related illnesses.

Vitamin D status and stress fractures in division III male cross-country athletes. 
Jessica Walker and Sarah Gervais
Biology and Nutrition

Stress fracture occurrence is high among runners and one of the risk factors is poor vitamin D status. Our purpose was to evaluate vitamin D status in cross-country male runners through the year. Vitamin D declined significantly by December since the UVB rays are not sufficiently direct to maintain vitamin D synthesis during the winter months despite adequate dietary intake on average. These results support the need to consume dietary sources of vitamin D above the current dietary recommendations or obtain controlled UVB exposure during the winter months.

College of Saint Benedict women's basketball teams' physiological data assessment: the story it tells. 
Alison M. Gresback 
Exercise Studies and Sport Science

Physiological data were collected on the College of Saint Benedict Women's Basketball team from 2001-02 to 2008-09 (n = 100; 189 data sets). Through data analysis by position, normative ranges were established. Position-specific relationships were identified between specific test scores and the coach's perception of the individual's basketball performance. Lastly, it was determined that not all of the agility tests contributed uniquely to understanding the athlete's physiological abilities therefore indicating some redundancy in the testing procedures.

Variations in perceived vs. measured aerobic capacity in division III female collegiate soccer players. 
Alison M. Pagliaccetti 
Exercise Studies and Sport Science

Twenty-one division III female collegiate soccer players were tested in the fall of 2008 to determine their individual level of aerobic fitness. Each athlete performed a VO2 max test and intermittent endurance test to quantify their respective aerobic capacities. The results were compared to the coach's subjective rating of the athlete's aerobic fitness level to determine if the coach's perception of the athlete's aerobic capacity differed from that which was measured. The results of this study will help determine the value of laboratory and field tests in determining the aerobic fitness of division III female collegiate soccer players.

The relationship between dance training background and a dancer's ability to perform a double pirouette with ideal technique. 
Allison M. Seifert
Exercise Studies and Sport Science

Ten members of the College of Saint Benedict Dance Team (five with primarily a ballet background, five with primarily a jazz background) performed double pirouette turns while being videotaped from the front, side, and above. Biomechanical analysis was performed using Dartfish video analysis software and a checklist of key elements that define ideal technique. Statistical methods were used to determine the relationship between turn technique and dance training backgrounds. This information can be used to more effectively teach double pirouette turn technique.

The efficacy of the inspiring leaders certificate program (ILCP) in facilitating leadership development . 
Laura E. Adams 
Exercise Studies and Sport Science

CSB/SJU students were surveyed using the LABS-III survey tool, created by Richard Wielkiewicz (2001), in order to explore their attitudes and beliefs pertaining to hierarchical versus systemic leadership styles. Hierarchical leadership emphasizes task-oriented, top to bottom leadership orientation, whereas systemic leadership promotes inclusive, horizontal orientation. Our preliminary results show that leadership attitudes and beliefs of students who have completed one or more ILCP certificates in their four years have shifted toward a systemic approach to leadership. This shift has led to the exploration of the ILCP's efficacy in fostering systemic leadership and the modifications that may be necessary to ensure its sustainability on campus.