Abstracts - Paper Session II
1:45 PM - 2:15 PM
Group One: Ardolf 105
1:45 Make Me Laugh or Forget It: Humor Quality and Mate Selection. Auralie Haven, Hamline University
The purpose of the study was to see if humor quality influences the perceived attractiveness of an individual. Women and men were given a fictitious autobiographical statement with a picture of the opposite sex. There were 3 levels for the biographical statements: successfully humorous, failed humorous and neutral. Pilot tests determined which statements were successful and which failed. Participants answered questions about level of attraction and perceived humor quality. Expected results included a gender difference. Findings indicated that perceived quality of humor does play a significant role in attraction to a potential mate, but lacked a significant gender difference. The funnier and less desperate a potential mate is perceived to be, the more attractive they appear to their potential mate.
2:00 Dissociative Identity Disorder and Assessing the Validity of Inter-Identity Amnesia. Kelly Soto, Bemidji State University
There is controversy surrounding Dissociative Identity disorder (DID) and the new criterion of inter-identity amnesia (IIA)or 'the inability to recall important personal information that is too extensive to be explained by ordinary forgetfuness.' It is correlated with self-reports of experiencing childhood trauma and the "splitting off" of different personalities is thought to be a coping mechanism. There are inconsistent findings of the validity of IIA, demonstrating the need for objective methods of assessing explicit and implicit memory transfers. Though inconsistent, research is finding that when using implicit and explicit memory tasks, memory is transferred among other identities and likely to occur when emotionally valenced words are used, suggesting a DID patient experiences amnesia when confronted with an emotional memory or experience.
Group Two: Ardolf 142
1:45 Factors Influencing Provision of Alcohol to Minors. Tara Stefanson and Matt Olson, Hamline University
A questionnaire was designed to identify factors that predispose young adults to purchase alcohol for minors. I hypothesized that purchasers would be more likely to provide for minors if they started drinking before age 18, are heavy drinkers, have liberal drinking norms, have two or more friends under 21 years of age, have one or more younger siblings, and were themselves provided to when they were minors. Data analysis indicated that providing to minors was more likely to happen if one had liberal drinking norms, had multiple underage friends, was provided to when they were underage, or was compensated for providing.
2:00 Savoring and Alcohol Use. Steve Young, Hamline University
Savoring is a control strategy for maximizing positive emotions. I hypothesized that alcoholics savor less because they rely on alcohol to blunt negative emotions; therefore, people who abuse alcohol will savor less. Alcohol use was measured by the Michigan Alcohol Screening Test; savoring by the Savoring Beliefs Inventory. As predicted, people in treatment for alcohol abuse and people in AA savored less than non-abusers.
Group Three: Ardolf 121
1:45 Putting Together the Pieces: A Puzzle Task Examining Children's Comprehension of the Plural. Andrea Kaczmarek and Stephanie Busch, University of Wisconsin - Green Bay
Traditional accounts of language development suggest comprehension and production follow the same trajectory but that production is limited by the child's emerging motor capabilities. Past research has shown that children construct the meaning of the plural in production (Zapf & Smith, 2008), but the question remains: do children use the meaning of the plural in their comprehension? A new task was designed to measure children's early comprehension of the plural. Results indicate that children do use the meaning of the plural in their understanding. This research presents new insights into the mechanisms behind children's comprehension and production and the potential relationship that exists between.
2:00 A Collection of Individuals: Meaning Impacts Children's Plural Productions. Stephanie Busch and Andrea Kaczmarek, University of Wisconsin - Green Bay
The English plural is about the number of individuals in a set of like kinds. Recent research has shown that two-year-old children use two of these components (number and like kinds) of the meaning of the plural to construct their plural productions (Zapf and Smith, 2008). In the current study, we ask whether the limitations on children's plural productions are also related to the third component of meaning: individuality. Children were least likely to produce the plural when the items were least individuated, suggesting it is difficult for children to distinguish items presented in a heap as "more than one". In sum, these results show that children's early productions are limited by their understanding of the meaning of the plural.
Group Four: Gorecki 120 A
1:45 Relational Self-Concept as a Moderator between Perceived Social Support and Outcome Variables. Samantha J. Heintzelman, College of Saint Benedict/St. John's University
The current study evaluates the impact of the self-concept on the relationship between social support and multiple outcome variables. In previous research, social support has been shown to be consistently related to distress, but in an inconsistent direction. To test the impact of the self-concept as a moderating variable clarifying this relationship, 206 participants completed a survey assessing their relational self-concept, perceived social support, and outcome variables including distress, self-esteem, and satisfaction with life. The self-concept was found to be a moderating variable in the relationship between social support and distress and also life satisfaction. High relationals were greatly impacted by social support levels, whereas, support was nearly neutral for low relationals.
2:00 Effects of Self Esteem on Being Influenced by the Media. Tiffany Morlock and Amanda Townley, Bethel University
Media images are all around us. Whether or not they directly impact our lives can be determined by a number of factors. The problem that this study focuses on is whether people with lower self esteem are more impacted by the media. To assess the relationship between self esteem and media influence, participants were given Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale, and SATAQ-3 Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire. The results of the study are predicted to show that participants with a low self esteem will be affected by the media more than those with a high self esteem
Group Five: Ardolf 104
1:45 Intrinsic Motivation and Emotional Exhaustion: Burnout Research. Lindsey Johnston and Greta Sieve, College of St. Catherine
We hypothesized that intrinsic motivation is negatively related to emotional exhaustion. Additionally, we hypothesized that interpersonal sources will have a greater perceived impact on emotional exhaustion than task-related sources. This research study involving 157 students at the College of St. Catherine found that intrinsic motivation was negatively related to emotional exhaustion. Although neither interpersonal sources nor task-related sources were more significant than the other, both were significant components of emotional exhaustion. This research can be applied for restructuring of organizations to decrease emotional exhaustion. Further research could explore the constructs of emotional exhaustion independent from intrinsic motivation.
2:00 Assisting Doctor-Patient Communication to Improve Adherence to Medical Decisions: The Work of the Knowledge and Encounter Research Unit. Stephanie Majka, College of St. Benedict/St. John's University
Patients' decisions to adhere to medications often occur without the presence of their doctor. This can be very troublesome for patients with chronic diseases and major medical events. The goal of the Knowledge and Encounter Research Unit, based at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota is to improve the communication with patients and doctors through the use of evidence-based decision aids. These decision aids provide objective and well-researched information regarding a chronic disease or major medical event. The unit hopes to find that if patients can communicate their values and preferences to their doctors at the time of intervention, this allows for better interaction and rapport among patients and their doctors. This will hopefully create better adherence to medical decisions.
Group Six: Ardolf 107
1:45 Psychology in India: Environmental, Biological, and Social Factors. Lori Hughes, Bemidji State University
India is a country that has recently been making strong strides in psychological care. However, poverty, expectations of women, natural and industrial disasters, and social stigmas have caused many common psychological problems that are still left untreated throughout the population.
2:00 Perceived Language and Literacy: What You Can Do and How You Can Help. Laura Claassen, Angela Gulner, Ashlee Stadt, Elizabeth Volkman and Elizabeth Zahn, St. Olaf College
Group Seven: Ardolf 127
1:45 The Effects of Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids on Mouse Memory. Crystal Zaske, Southwest Minnesota State University
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA's) have become of significant interest in the field of psychology. This experiment aimed to indicate whether PUFA's may increase memory retention and preservation in mice. Twenty-three mice participated in this study, and twenty-one remained for it sentirety. Mice were split into two groups, and each group was given a cheese supplement once daily, in addition to their regular chow. The experimental group was given cheese with an added dose of omega-3. Memory retention was observed and data was collected via the Spatial
Water Maze in both groups. Results indicate a decrease in time needed to complete the maze for the experimental group receiving the PUFA supplement
2:00 Do Mothers' or Fathers' Attitudes Better Predict Treatment Choices for Children with Psychological Disorders? Greg Simonson, Hamline University
Parents often rate psychotherapy as significantly more desirable than psychopharmacology for children. While these findings are well-established in the literature, significant gaps remain. Most investigations in this area are limited by a focus on ADHD, boys, the role of mothers, and few fathers in samples.
This study will investigate the relative impact of mothers' and fathers' attitudes on treatment decisions for childhood disorders. Participants will include parents recruited through private practices. Participants will receive questionnaires from the clinic receptionist. The questionnaire includes demographic items and items related to children's diagnoses and treatments.
It is hypothesized that mother's attitudes will be more positive toward both psychotherapy and medication, and will better predict treatment choices. Analyses will include multiple linear regressions.
Group Eight: Gorecki 120 B
1:45 Death, Personality, and Poetry: Defending a View of Life as Meaningful. Alexa Rosenberg, Macalester College
The Mortality Salience (MS) hypothesis is that anything that makes the thought of death more accessible will increase a person's support of anything that makes him/her view life as meaningful. This study hypothesized that a MS manipulation, in which participants respond to prompts about death, would cause participants high in Personal Need for Structure (PNS) to rate abstract poetry more negatively, since the death reminder would increase their desire for meaning through structure, which abstract poetry lacks. Participants took a PNS scale, and then either had a MS or control treatment. After a delay, participants rated 2 abstract and 2 structured poems. Results were analyzed to determine if high PNS participants rated abstract poems more negatively in the MS condition.
2:00 How Perfectionist Tendencies Contribute to the Use of Either Maladaptive or Adaptive Coping Strategies. Kirsten Hengstler, Bemidji State University
Perfectionism has two dimensions: maladaptive and adaptive, both of which have different outcomes and create different possible experiences. This paper is a literature review of articles pertaining to negative and positive perfectionism as well as the coping strategies associated with each. Two hypotheses emerged during preliminary research: Maladaptive perfectionism leads to a series of negative outcomes including poor coping strategies in times of stress, specifically eating disorders in athletes (Hypothesis 1); and adaptive perfectionism is associated with more positive outcomes including healthy forms of coping in times of stress (Hypothesis 2). The research reviewed showed strong support for both of the hypotheses, and provided information applicable to the field of athletics capable of decreasing the use of poor coping strategies and creating better opportunities for happiness and success.