Prairie Plants

Below is an extensive but not comprehensive list of prairie plants that were planted or have been found in Saint John's Abbey Arboretum.  

 

 

Plants in bold are NOT native to Minnesota prairie. 

Plant Common Name Scientific Name Family Habitat
Water Plantain Alisma triviale Alismataceae wet
Broad-leaved Arrowhead Sagittaria latifolia Alismataceae wet
Rattlesnake Master Eryngium yuccifolium Apiaceae mesic
Golden Alexanders Zizia aurea Apiaceae Dispersed
Dogbane Apocynum androsaemifolium Apocynaceae  
Prairie Dogbane Apocynum cannabinum Apocynaceae xeric-mesic
Clasping Dogbane Apocynum sibiricum Apocynaceae mesic
Winterberry Ilex verticillata Aquifoliaceae mesic
Swamp Milkweed Asclepias incarnata Asclepiadaceae wet
Common Milkweed Asclepias syriaca Asclepiadaceae xeric
Butterfly Milkweed Asclepias tuberosa Asclepiadaceae xeric
Whorled Milkweed Asclepias verticillata Asclepiadaceae mesic
Common Yarrow Achillea millefolium Asteraceae Dispersed
Prairie Dandelion Agogeris cuspidata Asteraceae xeric
Ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia Asteraceae mesic
Pussytoe Antennaria neglecta Asteraceae mesic
Absinthe Wormwood Artemisia absinthium Asteraceae  
Pasture Sage Artemisia frigida Asteraceae mesic
Prairie Sage Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. Asteraceae mesic
Heath Aster Aster ericoides Asteraceae xeric-mesic
Smooth Aster Aster laevis Asteraceae xeric-mesic
Lowrie's Aster Aster lowrianus Asteraceae Dry
New England Aster Aster novae-angliae Asteraceae wet
Aromatic Aster Aster oblongifolius Asteraceae xeric-mesic
Azure Aster Aster oolentangiensis Asteraceae mesic-wet
Red Aster Aster patens Asteraceae mesic
Arrow-leaved Aster Aster sagittifolius Asteraceae mesic
Silky Aster Aster sericeus Asteraceae xeric
Panicled Aster Aster simplex Asteraceae Dry
Bur Marigold Bidens sp. Asteraceae Wet
Spotted Knotweed Centaurea maculosa Asteraceae Wet
Ox-eye Daisy Chrysanthemum leucanthemum Asteraceae Dispersed
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense Asteraceae Dispersed
Pasture Thistle Cirsium pumilum Asteraceae xeric-mesic
Bull Thistle Cirsium vulgare Asteraceae mesic-dry
Stiff Tickseed Coreopsis palmata Asteraceae mesic-wet
Large Rough Hawksbeard Crepis biennis Asteraceae  
Narrow-Leaved Hawksbeard Crepis tectorum Asteraceae Dispersed
Pale Purple Coneflower Echinacea pallida Asteraceae xeric
Horseweed Erigeron canadensis Asteraceae meisc
Daisy fleabane Erigeron strigosus Asteraceae mesic
Joe-Pye Weed Eupatorium maculatum Asteraceae wet
Common Boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum Asteraceae wet
Gaillardia Gaillardia aristata Asteraceae mesic
Blanket Flower Gaillardia pulchella Asteraceae  
Curlycup Gumweed Grindelia squarrosa Asteraceae xeric
Sneezeweed Helenium autumnale Asteraceae wet
Common Sunflower Helianthus annuus Asteraceae xeric-mesic
Giant Sunflower Helianthus giganteus Asteraceae mesic
Prairie Sunflower Helianthus laetiflorus Asteraceae xeric
Maximillian Sunflower Helianthus maximilliani Asteraceae mesic-wet
Stiff Sunflower Helianthus rigidus Asteraceae mesic-wet
Jeruselem Artichoke Helianthus tuberosus Asteraceae Dry
Common Ox-Eye Heliopsis helianthoides Asteraceae mesic
Hairy Golden-Aster Heterotheca villosa Asteraceae xeric
Orange Hawkweed Hieracium aurantiacum Asteraceae mesic
Rough Blazing Star Liatris aspera Asteraceae xeric
Meadow Blazing Star Liatris ligulystilus Asteraceae mesic-wet
Dotted Blazing Star Liatris punctata Asteraceae xeric
Prairie Blazing Star Liatris pycnostachya Asteraceae wet
Dense Blazing Star Liatris spicata Asteraceae  
Pineapple-Weed Matricaria matricarioides Asteraceae xeric-mesic
Prairie Coneflower Ratibida columnifera Asteraceae xeric
Gray-Headed Coneflower Ratibida pinnata Asteraceae xeric
Brown Coneflower Ratibida pulcherrima Asteraceae xeric
Green Headed Coneflower Rudbeckia faciniatum Asteraceae mesic-wet
Orange Coneflower Rudbeckia fulgida Asteraceae  
Black-Eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta Asteraceae xeric-mesic
Golden Glow Rudbeckia laciniata Asteraceae mesic-wet
Prairie Ragwort Senecio plattensis Asteraceae xeric-mesic
Rosinweed Silphium integrifolium Asteraceae mesic
Compass Plant Silphium lachiniatum Asteraceae mesic
Tall Goldenrod Solidago canadensis Asteraceae mesic
Giant Goldenrod Solidago gigantea Asteraceae meisc
Grass-Leaved Goldenrod Solidago graminifolia Asteraceae mesic-wet
Thin Goldenrod Solidago juncea Asteraceae xeric-mesic
Missouri Goldenrod Solidago missouriensis Asteraceae xeric-mesic
Gray Goldenrod Solidago nemoralis Asteraceae xeric-mesic
Sneezewort Aster Solidago ptarmicoides Asteraceae xeric
Downy Goldenrod Solidago puberula Asteraceae  
Stiff Goldenrod Solidago rigida Asteraceae xeric
Showy Goldenrod Solidago speciosa Asteraceae mesic-wet
Common Dandelion Taraxacum officinale Asteraceae Dispersed
Goat's Beard Tragopogon dubius Asteraceae meisc
Common Ironweed Vernonia fasciculata Asteraceae mesic
Viper's Bugloss Echium vulgare Boraginaceae xeric
Stickseed Hackelia virginiana Boraginaceae xeric-mesic
Madwort Alyssum alyssoides Brassicaceae xeric
Hoary Alysum Berteroa incana Brassicaceae Dispersed
Charlock Brassica kaber Brassicaceae xeric
Black Mustard Brassica nigra Brassicaceae xeric
Field Mustard Brassica rapa Brassicaceae xeric
Shephard's Purse Capsella bursa-pastoris Brassicaceae xeric
Dog Mustard Ericastrum gallicum Brassicaceae xeric
Dame's Rocket Hesperis matronalis Brassicaceae mesic-wet
Poor-Man's Pepper Lepidium virginicum Brassicaceae xeric-mesic
Yellow Cress Rorippa islandica Brassicaceae Wet
Field Pennycress Thlapsi arvense Brassicaceae xeric
Bedstraw Bellflower Campanula aparinoides Campanulaceae  
Creeping Harebell Campanula rapunculoides Campanulaceae mesic-wet
Harebell Campanula rotundifolia Campanulaceae xeric
Great Blue Lobelia Lobelia siphilitica Campanulaceae mesic-wet
Trumpet Honeysuckle Lonicera sempervirens Caprifoliaceae mesic
Tartarian Honeysuckle Lonicera tartarica Caprifoliaceae mesic
Wolfberry Symphoricarpos occidentalis Caprifoliaceae mesic
Mouse Eared Chickweed Cerastium vulgatum Caryophyllaceae mesic-wet
Deptford Pink Dianthus armeria Caryophyllaceae mesic
Bouncing-Bet Saponaria officinalis Caryophyllaceae xeric
White Cockle Silene alba Caryophyllaceae mesic
Bladder Campion Silene cucubalus Caryophyllaceae Dispersed
Lesser Stitchwort Stellaria graminea Caryophyllaceae mesic-wet
Lamb's Quarters Chenopodium album Chenopodiaceae xeric
Common St. John's Wort Hypericum perforatum Clusiaceae mesic
Great St. John's Wort Hypericum pyramidatum Clusiaceae wet
Hedge Bindweed Calystegia sepium Convolvulaceae mesic
Low Bindweed Calystegia spithameus Convolvulaceae xeric
Field Bindweed Convulvulus arvensis Convolvulaceae mesic
Fox Sedge Carex scoparia Cyperaceae wet
Stalk Grain Sedge Carex stipata Cyperaceae wet
Tufted Sedge Carex stricta Cyperaceae wet
Dark Green Bulrush Scirpus atrovirens Cyperaceae wet
Wool Grass Scirpus cyperinus Cyperaceae wet
Horsetail Equisetum laevigatum Equisetaceae wet
Leadplant Amorpha canescens Fabaceae xeric-mesic
Canada Milk Vetch Astragalus canadensis Fabaceae mesic
Prairie Plum Astragalus crassicarpus Fabaceae xeric
Crown Vetch Coronilla varia Fabaceae mesic
White Prairie Clover Dalea candidum Fabaceae xeric
Purple Prairie Clover Dalea purpureum Fabaceae xeric
Silky Prairie Clover Dalea villosa Fabaceae  
Showy Tick Trefoil Desmodium canadense Fabaceae mesic
Bush Clover Lespedeza capitata Fabaceae mesic
Round-Headed Bushclover Lespedeza hirta Fabaceae mesic
Bird's Foot Trefoil Lotus corniculatus Fabaceae xeric
Wild Lupine Lupinus perennis Fabaceae mesic-wet
Black Medick Medicago lupulina Fabaceae xeric-mesic
Alfalfa Medicago sativa Fabaceae mesic
White Sweet Clover Melilotus alba Fabaceae Dispersed
Yellow Sweet Clover Melilotus officinalis Fabaceae Dispersed
Rabbit's Foot Clover Triflorum arvense Fabaceae Dispersed
Least Hop Clover Trifolium dubium Fabaceae  
Alsike Clover Trifolium hybridum Fabaceae Dispersed
Red Clover (Purple) Trifolium pratense Fabaceae mesic
White Dutch Clover Trifolium repens Fabaceae xeric-mesic
American Vetch Vicia americana Fabaceae mesic
Bottle Gentian Gentiana andrewsii Gentianaceae mesic-wet
Bicknell's Cranesbill Geranium bicknellii Geraniaceae xeric
Wild Geranium Geranium maculatum Geraniaceae wet
Large Blue Flag Iris versicolor Iridaceae wet
Blue Eyed Grass Sisyrinchium angustifolium Iridaceae xeric-mesic
Giant Hyssop Agastache foeniculum Lamiaceae xeric-mesic
American Dragonhead Dracocephalum parviflorum Lamiaceae xeric-mesic
Hemp Nettle Galeopsis tetrahit Lamiaceae  
American Bugleweed Lycopus americanus Lamiaceae wet
Wild Mint Mentha arvensis Lamiaceae wet
Wild Bergamot Monarda fistulosa Lamiaceae xeric-mesic
Spotted Bee Balm Monarda punctata Lamiaceae xeric
Catnip Nepeta cataria Lamiaceae xeric
Obedient Plant Physostegia virginiana Lamiaceae mesic
Heal-all Prunella vulgaris Lamiaceae mesic
Slender Mountain Mint Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Lamiaceae mesic
Hairy Mountain Mint Pycnanthemum virginianum Lamiaceae mesic
Marsh Skullcap Scutellaria epilobiifolia Lamiaceae wet
Marsh Hedge Nettle Stachys palustris Lamiaceae mesic
Wild Garlic Allium canadense Liliaceae xeric
Prairie Onion Allium stellatum Liliaceae xeric
Michigan Lily Lilium michiganense Liliaceae mesic
Wild Lily-of-the-Valley Maianthemum canadense Liliaceae mesic-wet
Soloman's Seal Polygonatum biflorum Liliaceae wet-mesic
Starry False Soloman's Seal Smilacina stellata Liliaceae wet-mesic
Wild Four O'Clock Mirabilis nyctagnea Nyctagenaceae xeric-mesic
Yellow Water Lily Nuphar variegatum Nymphaceae aquatic
Fragrant Water Lily Nymphaea odorata Nymphaceae wet
Tooth-Leaved Primrose Calylophus serrulatus Onagraceae xeric
Yellow Evening Primrose Oenothera biennis Onagraceae xeric
Evening Primrose Oenothera parviflora Onagraceae mesic
Gray-Green Wood Sorrel Oxalis dillenii Oxalidaceae mesic
Yellow Wood-Sorrel Oxalis stricta Oxalidaceae mesic-wet
English Plantain Plantago lanceolata Plantaginaceae xeric
Common Plantain Plantago major Plantaginaceae xeric
Ribwort Plantago patagonica Plantaginaceae xeric
Tickle Grass Agrostis hyemalis Poaceae  
Foxtail Alopecurus spp. Poaceae  
Big Bluestem Andropogon gerardii Poaceae mesic
Side Oats Gramma Grass Bouteloua curtipendula Poaceae xeric
Blue Gramma Bouteloua gracilis Poaceae xeric
Hairy Chess Bromus commutatus Poaceae mesic
Smooth Brome Bromus inermis Poaceae xeric
Wild Chess Bromus kalmii Poaceae mesic
Canada Wild Rye Elymus canadensis Poaceae xeric-mesic
Quack Crass Elytrigia repens Poaceae mesic
Western Wheatgrass Elytrigia smithii Poaceae xeric
Stinking Lovegrass Eragrostis cilianensis Poaceae xeric
Meadow Fescue Festuca elatior Poaceae  
Foxtail Barley Hordeum jubatum Poaceae mesic
June Grass Koeleria pyramidata Poaceae xeric
English Rye Grass Lolium perenne Poaceae  
Deer-Tongue Grass Panicum clandestinum Poaceae  
Switch Grass Panicum virgatum Poaceae mesic
Reed Canary Grass Phalaris arundinacea Poaceae wet
Timothy Grass Phleum pratense Poaceae mesic
Kentucky Bluegrass Poa pratensis Poaceae Dispersed
Little Bluestem Schizachrium scoparium Poaceae xeric-mesic
Green Foxtail Setaria viridis Poaceae mesic
Indian Grass Sorghastrum nutans Poaceae xeric-mesic
Prairie Cordgrass Spartina pectinata Poaceae wet
Sand Dropseed Sporobolas cryptandrus Poaceae xeric-mesic
Prairie Dropseed Sporobolas heterolepis Poaceae mesic-wet
Porcupine Grass Stipa spartea Poaceae mesic
Prairie Phlox Phlox pilosa Polemoniaceae xeric
Pale Smartweed Polygonum lapathifolium Polygonaceae Mesic-wet
Pennsylvania Smartweed Polygonum pensylvanicum Polygonaceae wet
Sheep Sorrel Rumex acetosella Polygonaceae wet
Curled Dock Rumex crispus Polygonaceae wet
Western Dock Rumex occidentalis Polygonaceae mesic
Canada Anemone Anemone canadensis Ranunculaceae wet
Long-Fruited Thimbleweed Anemone cylindrica Ranunculaceae xeric
Pasque Flower Anemone patens Ranunculaceae xeric
Columbine Aqualegia canadensis Ranunculaceae mesic
Prairie Larkspur Delphinium virescens Ranunculaceae mesic
Macoun's Buttercup Ranunculus macounii Ranunculaceae mesic
Tall Meadow Rue Thalictrum dasycarpum Ranunculaceae mesic
New Jersey Tea Ceanothus americanus Rhamnaceae xeric
Wild Strawberry Fragaria virginiana Rosaceae mesic
Yellow (Rough) Avens Geum alleppicum Rosaceae mesic
Prairie Smoke Geum triflorum Rosaceae xeric
Silvery Cinquefoil Potentilla argentea Rosaceae Dispersed
Prairie Cinquefoil Potentilla arguta Rosaceae mesic
Rough Cinquefoil Potentilla norvegica Rosaceae mesic
Rough Fruited Cinquefoil Potentilla recta Rosaceae mesic
Common Cinquefoil Potentilla simplex Rosaceae mesic
Prairie Rose Rosa arkansana Rosaceae mesic
Pasture Rose Rosa carolina Rosaceae mesic
Common Blackberry Rubus alleghensis Rosaceae mesic
American Red Raspberry Rubus strigosus Rosaceae mesic
Meadowsweet Spiraea latifolia Rosaceae wet
Northern Bedstraw Galium boreale Rubiaceae xeric-mesic
Sweet-scented Bedstraw Galium triflorim Rubiaceae mesic
Long-Leaved Bluets Hedyotis longifolium Rubiaceae mesic
Sandbar Willow Salix exigua Salicaeae  
Prairie Willow Salix humhilis Salicaeae mesic
Alum Root Heuchera richardsonii Saxifragaceae xeric-mesic
Turtlehead Chelone glabra Scrophulariaceae mesic
Butter and Eggs (Toad-Flax) Linaria vulgaris Scrophulariaceae xeric-mesic
Monkey Flower Mimulus ringens Scrophulariaceae mesic
Foxglove Beardtounge Penstemon digitalis Scrophulariaceae mesic
Slender Penstemon Penstemon gracillis Scrophulariaceae xeric
Large-Flowered Beardtongue Penstemon grandiflorous Scrophulariaceae xeric
Pale Beardtongue Penstemon pallidus Scrophulariaceae xeric
Figwort Scrophularia lanceolata Scrophulariaceae mesic-wet
Common Mullein Verbascum thapsus Scrophulariaceae xeric
Culver's Root Veronicastrum virginicum Scrophulariaceae mesic
Black Nightshade Solanum nigrum Solanaceae mesic
Bur Reed Spargania sp. Sparganiaceae wet
Common Cattail Typha latifloia Typhaceae wet
Wild Carrot Daucus carota Umbelliferae mesic
Slender Nettle Urtica gracilis Urticaceae wet
Blue Vervain Verbena hastata Verbenaceae xeric
Hoary Vervain Verbena stricta Verbenaceae xeric
White Vervain Verbena urticifolia Verbenaceae wet-mesic
Missouri Violet Viola missouriensis Violaceae mesic-wet
Prairie Violet Viola pedatifida Violaceae xeric


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