12: Selected Standard Emergency Procedure

Emergency chemical spill | Low hazard chemical spill | Eye Injury | Ingestion of chemical | Skin Contact | Inhalation of chemical | Fire emergency

12.1 Chemical Spill Emergency Procedures

Evacuate

Leave the spill area. Alert others in the area and direct/assist them in leaving.

Without endangering yourself: remove victims to fresh air, remove contaminated clothing and flush contaminated skin and eyes with water for 15 minutes. If anyone has been injured or exposed to toxic chemicals or chemical vapors, call 911 or 2144 and seek medical attention immediately.

Confine

Close doors and isolate the area. Prevent people from entering spill area.

Report

From a safe place, call the Life Safety, 911 or 2144.

Report that this is an emergency and give your name, phone and location; location of the spill; the name and amount of material spilled; extent of injuries; safest route to the spill.

Stay by that phone until advised otherwise.

Secure

Until emergency response personnel arrive: block off the areas leading to the spill, lock doors, post signs and warning tape, and alert others of the spill.

Post staff by commonly used entrances to the area to direct people to use other routes.

12.2 Non-emergency chemical spills (low hazard level spills)

Careful consideration of the chemical hazards involved must be undertaken to assess how to clean up a spill safely. Consult the MSDS for the chemical involved. Ultimately the responsibility rests with the supervising faculty or staff member to assess the risks involved, and assign appropriate personnel and equipment to clean up the chemical spill.

Spills of chemicals with health, flammability, and reactivity ratings of less than three can be cleaned by student workers.

Small spills (no more than 50 ml) with health, flammability, and reactivity ratings greater than three can be cleaned by a student worker under the supervision of a faculty or staff member.

Spill clean-up procedure:

Alert others in the area.

Clean up the spill using the appropriate protective equipment and spill-clean-up materials. Chemical Spill Clean-up kits are found in each unit and are appropriate only for spills less than 50 ml. These spill kits contain kitty litter, scoops, and Ziploc plastic bags. Universal absorbent pillows with a capacity of up to four liters are available in the chemical stockroom (NSC130).

-Acid or Base Spills: Neutralize the spill before cleaning up.

-Dry powered chemicals: Reduce the dust raised by using damp paper towels.

Place the chemical and absorbent material into appropriate containers.

Tightly seal the container, and label the container with a complete list of contents and relative amounts.

Place the sealed, labeled container in the hazardous waste collection area in NSC 130 .

12.3 Chemical contact with the eyes:

Immediately take the victim to the nearest eyewash station.

Flush the eyes for at least 15 minutes.

Hold the eyelids open, while continuously rotating the eyeballs to flush all of the chemicals from the eye.

Call Life Safety Services (911 or 2144). The officer will assess the situation, and arrange for further medical treatment. Further medical attention is required

Obtain copies of the MSDS of the chemical(s) involved for the life safety officer.

Complete an Accident Report Form.

If the contact is due to a chemical spill, confine and secure the area as soon as possible until the spill can be safely cleaned up.

12.4 Ingestion of chemicals

Call the Poison Control Hotline (1-800-222-1222) for advice on first aid.

Do not induce vomiting unless specifically instructed to do so by trained medical personnel.

12.5 Skin contact by chemicals over a larger portion of the body:

Help the injured person to the safety shower, and flush exposed skin for at least 15 minutes. Remove goggles only after washing their head. If the eyes have also been exposed, the victim should bend over to flush their eyes while the shower is running.

Enlist the assistance of a staff person, or someone of the same gender as the victim. Usually, three or four people are necessary to help the victim.

Cut contaminated clothing away with scissors (stored near the safety showers) to avoid contaminating the victim's face and eyes.

Remove all layers of contaminated clothing, shoes, and jewelry. If clothing or jewelry adheres to a chemically burned area of skin, do not pull it away.

Call Life Safety Services (911 or 2144). The officer will assess the situation and arrange for further medical attention. Further medical attention is required.

Obtain copies of the MSDS of the chemical(s) involved for the life safety officer.

Complete an Accident Report Form.

If the contact is due to a chemical spill, confine and secure the area as soon as possible, until the spill can be safely cleaned up.

12.6 Inhalation of chemical vapors or smoke:

Move the victim to an area of fresh uncontaminated air.

Remember that hot gases rise, but most chemical vapors are heavier than air.

Call Life Safety Services (911 or 2144). The officer will assess the situation and arrange for further medical attention.

Obtain copies of the MSDS of the chemical(s) involved for the life safety officer.

Complete an Accident Report Form.

12.7 Fire Emergency Procedures

These are three basic steps to be taken in case of fire emergency.

Evacuate:

Remove or alert anyone in immediate danger.

Confine the fire by closing the doors around it.

Report:

Pull the nearest alarm box. These are located next to all exit doors.

Call Life safety, 911 or 2144 from the nearest safe telephone.

Have someone meet the fire department at the main building entrance.

Secure:

Secure the building by shutting all doors as you leave by the nearest safe exit. Don't attempt to use the elevator.

Fight the fire only if the fire is small, if you are knowledgeable in fire extinguisher use, if several people are available and if it is safe.

IF YOU HEAR THE FIRE ALARM OR SOMEONE INFORMS YOU OF A FIRE:

Place your hand on any closed corridor door. If cool, leave the room; if hot, go to window and signal for help.

Walk quickly-don't run-to the nearest safe exit. Don't attempt to use the elevator.

Alert others to the emergency on your way out.

Leave the building and move away from the building entrance. Do not re-enter the building until the all-clear is given.