Top: the Quadrangle, 2006
Middle: the Quadrangle, 1954 and 1901 (far right)
Architect: Father Gregory Steil, OSB; Renovation Traynor, Hermanson and Hahn of St, Cloud; 2001-2002 Renovation: Raverty, Raverty, and Tollefson; 2009 Refectory Renovation: BWBR Architects.
Contractor: Brothers, local workers, clerics; 2009 Refectory Renovation: Breitbach Construction
The Quadrangle refers to the traditional monastic arrangement of buildings around a central courtyard with buildings on four sides. The Quadrangle Building has been the heart of Saint John’s since the 1880’s. The new buildings were 370 feet in length, 55 feet wide and five stories high.
The construction of this was done over a period of 17 years. The French-style mansard roof was featured in the design by Gregory Steil, OSB.
The first part to be built was a East/West Central wing (1869–1871) connecting to the new shorter south wing built in the spring of 1868. The East wing was built in 1874 between the central wing and the new church built in 1879–1882. The church provided the major part of the north wing of the Quadrangle. Then the extension to the central wing and north wing and the whole west wings were built at one time between 1883 – 1886. Thus the four sided quadrangle was completed using lumber from St. John's woods and brick made by monks. The railroad that came through abbey property in 1872 with its own Collegeville station in 1879 greatly facilitated materials not made by the monks. Slight modifications were added over time: the cold corridor in 1909; the devil’s tower stairway on northwest end in 1916.; a new brick porch replaced the wooden one in front of the main entrance to the monastery, university and prep school in 1941.
The visionary for this quadrangle was the second abbot of Saint John’s, Abbot Alexius Edelbrock. This provided the monastery and schools adequate space to expand and grow into a premiere institution of learning and the largest monastery in the world. Archbishop Ireland upon seeing the completed Quadrangle was said to be amazed at this awesome building here in the wilderness of central Minnesota. It was said to be the largest educational building west of Chicago and in fact west of the Mississippi River. Its 150’ twin towers became a symbol for St. John’s until the Breuer Banner was built.
The quadrangle has been used for monastic choir, chapter, refectory, administration and monastic cells; it has also housed diocesan seminarians; it housed the library, administration and classrooms for prep school and university, prep school study halls, Anselm Hall College students as well as other undergrads dormitories, as well as the common dining hall for the schools.
The renovation of the Quadrangle between 1977 and 2002 took longer than the original 17 years to build. The mechanical, lighting, new windows, air-conditioning, removal of plaster to reveal original brick were major aspects of the renovation. To balance the North Devil’s Tower a new Angel Tower was built on the South end of Quad as well as a new elevator to make the quad more handicap accessible. The floor by floor renovation had to be scheduled to have the least interruption to the functioning of the university. In 2001 – 2002 the first floor was completed in three stages. Major occupants of the first floor quadrangle is the University Recruitment, University Administration, Registar, Student Bursar. The other four levels are used for university offices and classrooms.
In the summer of 2009 the Refectory dining area in the Quadrangle Building was remodeled, during which time dining was temporarily provided in the Old Gym/Guild Hall. BWBR Architects did the design, with Breitbach Construction as the general contractor. The "Reef" redesign was undertaken in order to improve traffic flow and allow food to be prepared in front of the customer; promote healthy, fresh home-style service; install equipment that would allow food to be held and served at the proper temperatures; and create a more inviting, relaxing and contemporary “Saint John’s feel” to the space:
Watch Fr. Doug Mullin, OSB, talk about the meaning of Refectory at the formal blessing of the new dining area and Fr. Bob Koopmann, OSB, as he says a blessing for the newly remodeled Refectory.
Even though the Quad was scheduled to be razed by the 100 year plan of Breuer, it has continued to serve the abbey and university to the present day and a witness to the far-sightedness of Abbot Alexius Edelbrock.
From the SJU National Register for Historic Places nomination form, 1978:
The Old Church and Quadrangle was constructed over a period of years, and until the construction of the new Abbey church, served as the principal building/focal point on the Saint John's campus. Construction was undertaken using local labor and under the supervision of Father Gregory Steil, OSB and Rt. Rev. Alexius Edelbrock, OSB. Materials for the construction were produced locally. The building is located in the center of the district.
The Quadrangle with south and west wings was constructed in sections between 1868 and 1913. The old south wing was built in 1868 as a two-storey structure. It was remodeled in 1894, 1928, and in 1975-76. It is now a three-storey building with a tile roof serving multiple purposes. Its foundation and walls constitute the oldest existing structure on campus.
The monastic church anchors the northern end of the quadrangle and was constructed between 1879 and 1882 in the Romanesque style. It has two towers originally reaching to a height of 150 feet. (The spires were removed in the 1950s when the new church was constructed.) The church has the shape of a Latin Cross and is 144 feet long and 64 feet wide. The three other sections of the quadrangle measure three-hundred and seventy-five feet in length and are fifty-five feet wide. There are three main floors in addition to a full ground floor and mansard roofed attic. The west wing, or St. Luke's Hall as it is now known, was added in 1912 and 1913. It occupies an area of six-thousand, one-hundred and eleven square feet. It contains three floors and a full basement. It has an asbestos/tar hipped roof. All the buildings in this complex are of brick.