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Native Plants used in Oak Savanna Restoration

Most of the planting in the oak savanna was done by machine.  Saint John's Abbey Arboretum worked with  Minnesota Native Landscapes, L.L.C. (MNL) for consultation and the planting of the oak savanna. 

Arboretum staff, student employees and volunteers prepared the site in winter and early spring 2002, prior to the planting.  This included the removal of non-native brush and trees, followed by controlled burns. 

Once the burns were completed, MNL prepared the soil for seeding. MNL seeded the site with a Truax drill seeder.  Saint John's Abbey Arboretum employees and volunteers followed-up by manually seeding the area around the trees that were missed by the seeder. 

Some plants are harder to start from seed so to ensure the survival of these plants, we purchased mature plants from Prairie Restorations, Inc. 

Native Grasses

Common Name

Scientific Name

Quantity

Big bluestem

Andropogon gerardi

2 lbs. PLS/project area

Oat cover crop

Avena sativa

75 lbs bulk/project area

Side oats grama

Bouteloua curtipendula

13 lbs PLS/project area

Blue grama

Bouteloua gracilis

8 lbs. PLS/project area

*Hairy woodchess

Bromus pubescens

3 lbs. PLS/project area

Canada wild rye

Elymus canadensis

2.5 lbs PLS/project area

Little bluestem

Schizachyrium scoparium

25 lbs. PLS/project area

Indian grass

Sorghastrum nutans

1 lb PLS/project area

*Prairie dropseed

Sporobolus heterolepis

1 lb bulk/ project area

*Needle grass

Stipa spartea

1 lb bulk/project area

* The species marked with an * were broadcast by hand along with the flower seed

Native Forbes

Common Name

Scientific Name

Quantity

Yarrow

Achilea millefolium

1 oz/ project area

Fragrant giant hyssop

Agastache foemiculumn

2 oz/ project area

Prairie onion

Allium stellatum

2.5 oz/ project area

Leadplant

Amorpha canescens

15 oz/ project area

Prairie sage

Artemesia lucoviciana

0.5 oz/ project area

Butterfly weed

Asclepias tuberosa

5 oz/ project area

Whorled milkweed

Asclepias verticillata

2 oz/ project area

Heath aster

Aster ericoides

2.5 oz/ project area

Azure aster

Aster oolentangiensis

4 oz/ project area

New Jersey tea

Ceanothus americana

7 oz/ project area

White snakeroot

Eupatorium rugosum

2 oz/ project area

Northern bedstraw

Gallium boreale

1 oz/ project area

Stiff sunflower

Helianthus rigidus

2 oz/ project area

Common ox-eye

Heliopsis helianthoides

1.5 oz/ project area

Round headed bush clover

Lespedeza capitata

2 oz/ project area

Rough blaszingstar

Liatris aspera

7.5 oz/ project area

Wild lupine

Lupinus perennis

7.5 oz/ project area

Wild bergamot

Monarda fistulosa

3 oz/ project area

Wood betony

Pedicularis canadensis

1 oz/ project area

Large flower penstemon

Penstemon grandiflours

5 oz/ project area

White prairie clover

Petalostemum  candidum

4 oz/ project area

Purple prairie clover

Petalostemum purpureum

25 oz/ project area

Silky prairie clover

Petalostemum villosum

1 oz/ project area

Prairie phlox

Phlox pilosa

2 oz/ project area

Pasque flower

Pulsarilla nutalliana

3 oz/ project area

Grey headed coneflower

Raribida columnifera

10 oz/ project area

Prairie rose

Rosa arkansana

2 oz/ project area

Black-eyed susan

Rudbeckia hirta

20 oz/ project area

Brown-eyed susan

Rudbeckia triloba

10 oz/ project area

Balsam ragwort

Senecia paupercaulis

2 oz/ project area

Missouri goldenrod

Solidago missouriensis

2 oz/ project area

Gray goldenrod

Solidago nemoralis

3 oz/ project area

Stiff goldenrod

Solidago rigida

2 oz/ project area

Hoary vervain

Verbena stricta

5 oz/ project area

Golden alexanders

Zizia aurea

5 oz/ project area

Hand planted 4 inch pots

Common Name

Scientific Name

Quantity

Fragrant giant hyssop

Agastache foeniculumn

18

Prairie onion

Allium stellatum

18

Whorled milkweed

Asclepias verticillata

18

False indigo

Baptisia alba

18

Tooth-leaved primrose

Calyophus serrulata

18

Harebell

Campanula rotundifolia

18

Bottle gentian

Gentiana andrewsii

18

Prairie Smoke

Geum triflorum

54

Wild iris

Iris versicolor

18

Turk's cap lily

Lilium michiganense

18

Wild Lupine

Lupinus perennis

71

Pasque flower

Pulsarilla nuttalliana

36

Western spiderwort

Tradescantia occidentalis

17

6 packs

Common Name

Scientific Name

Quantity

Leadplant

Amorpha canescens

8

Swamp milkweed

Asclepias incarnata

10

Azure aster

Aster oolentangiensis

10

Silky aster

Aster sericeus

10

Turtlehead

Chelone glaubra

10

Pale purple coneflower

Echinacea angustifolia

10

Boneset

Eupatorium perfoliatum

6

Alum root

Heuchera richardsonii

10

Rough blazingstar

Liatris aspera

10

Dotted blazingstar

Liatris punctata

10

Monkey flower

Mimulus ringens

8

Culver's root

Veronicastrum virginicum

10