Conservatives and Liberals on the Issues, Campus Laboratory Beginning Survey

Students were asked to choose among five ideological categories: liberal, conservative, middle-of-the-road, “I don’t have strong views,” and “my views don’t fit easily into the labels of ‘liberal’ and ‘conservative.’” Though the latter two groups are not included in the chart below, their responses were generally similar to those of middle-of-the-road students. The t-values and p-values are based on a comparison of conservative and liberal students.

 

% of conservative students who agree

% of liberal students who agree

% of middle of the road students who agree

t-value

p-value

Same-sex couples should have the right to legal marital status.

23.2%

91.7%

62.0%

12.256

.000

Same-sex couples should be able to receive the same employment benefits and inheritance rights as married heterosexual couples.

39.2%

89.4%

70.0%

7.973

.000

It is important to have laws prohibiting homosexual relationships.

23.2%

2.3%

4.0%

7.837

.000

Abortion should be legal.

23.3%

68.6%

28.0%

7.472

.000

Wealthy people should pay a larger share of taxes than they do now.

30.3%

70.9%

42.0%

7.240

.000

A national health care plan is needed to cover everybody’s costs.

35.7%

79.1%

52.0%

6.598

.000

Through hard work, everybody can succeed in American society.

83.6%

33.7%

62.0%

6.590

.000

Economic inequality is a major problem in American society.

41.1%

82.5%

56.0%

6.353

.000

The Catholic Church should ordain women.

37.5%

77.9%

46.0%

6.169

.000

The Catholic Church should not ordain men with strong homosexual tendencies.

37.5%

11.7%

28.0%

5.363

.000

The government should redistribute wealth from the rich to the poor.

8.9%

32.6%

24.0%

5.147

.000

The government should do more to promote gender equality.

37.5%

80.2%

49.0%

5.126

.000

The primary responsibilities of married women are in the realm of home and family.

14.3%

0.0%

18.0%

4.452

.000

GLBT persons should be welcome to participate fully in the life of the Catholic Church.

50.0%

82.6%

58.0%

4.312

.000

The government should do more to ensure equal opportunity to all people regardless of race.

64.3%

86.0%

66.0%

4.299

.000

Sexism is still a major problem in American society.

48.2%

74.4%

54.0%

4.058

.000

GLBT persons should be protected from discrimination in the workplace.

78.5%

94.1%

80.0%

3.889

.000

The government should guarantee the basic necessities of life to all Americans.

64.3%

77.9%

60.0%

3.388

.001

Racism is still a major problem in American society.

64.3%

82.6%

70.0%

3.040

.003

The capitalist system is harmful to working class people.

11.2%

27.0%

6.0%

3.001

.003

A person working full time should earn enough to support a family.

67.8%

88.4%

72.0%

2.872

.005

The descendents of slaves should receive reparations from the United States government.

10.7%

11.7%

16.0%

2.578

.011

Men and women should receive equal pay for equal work.

91.1%

98.8%

91.8%

2.148

.032

Affirmative action in college admissions should not be practiced.

33.9%

20.2%

34.0%

2.009

.046

Men and women should participate equally in caring for children.

92.8%

93.1%

92.0%

1.335

Not sig.