Conservatives and Liberals on the Issues, Initial Campus-Wide Survey

Students completing the initial campus-wide survey were asked to choose among five ideological categories: liberal, conservative, middle-of-the-road, “I don’t have strong views,” and “my views don’t fit easily into the labels of ‘liberal’ and ‘conservative.’” Though the latter two groups are not included in the chart below, their responses were generally similar to those of middle-of-the-road students. The t-values and p-values are based on a comparison of conservative and liberal students.

 

% of conservative students who agree

% of liberal students who agree

% of middle of the road students who agree

t-value

p-value

Same-sex couples should have the right to legal marital status.

15.8%

88.9%

66.7%

13.654

.000

It is important to have laws prohibiting homosexual relationships.

22.7%

0.0%

3.1%

8.888

.000

Abortion should be legal.

15.8%

58.6%

23.0%

8.554

.000

The Catholic Church should ordain women.

34.7%

75.8%

59.5%

7.937

.000

Wealthy people should pay a larger share of taxes than they do now.

30.2%

70.4%

60.4%

6.571

.000

It is important that the United States maintain a strong military.

81.6%

42.8%

57.9%

6.187

.000

A national health care plan is needed to cover everybody’s costs.

33.4%

77.7%

67.7%

5.846

.000

Through hard work, everybody can succeed in American society.

67.1%

47.5%

43.7%

4.876

.000

If two people really like each other, it’s all right for them to have sex even if they have known each other for only a short time.

11.9%

25.2%

19.8%

4.538

.000

Affirmative action in college admissions should not be practiced.

41.3%

18.3%

28.3%

3.956

.000

The primary responsibilities of married women are in the realm of home and family.

10.5%

4.0%

11.5%

3.636

.000

You can disagree with the church’s official teaching and still be a good Catholic.

58.7%

76.3%

65.6%

3.616

.000

The death penalty should be abolished.

44.7%

63.2%

37.5%

2.669

.008

Dissent is a critical component of the political process.

34.7%

48.4%

27.2%

2.576

.011