2002 Thesis Abstracts
Andrea K. Booth
“Steroid Hormones in Sport Spectators: Does Sports Violence Relate to Community Violence?”
Advisor: Linda Mealey, Psychology
In 1992, newspapers were full of discussion about a just-published study that suggested that violence towards women increased on Super Bowl Sunday. The authors claimed that football models violence, and because more people watch the Super Bowl than any other football game, violence toward women would, at that time, reach a peak. However, other researchers have shown that testosterone levels rise with winning and drop with losing. Since testosterone is also closely related to aggression this might explain increases in violence by fans after viewing their team win an important match. To test this possibility, saliva was sampled from observers of high stakes football games and assayed for: testosterone, cortisol, and DHEA. Analyses involved: (1) describing the dynamics of testosterone, cortisol, and DHEA from baseline to various points in each game as the participants’ team was winning or losing: (2) assessing hospital and police records for incidences of fighting, battering, and other forms of aggression on dates of wins vs. loses of important home team competitions. Neither analysis of hormones nor analysis of community violence supported a sports-aggression connection, suggesting that the initial study reported an alpha error.
“Rosie the Riveter Meets Eve in Overalls: Images of Women and Femininity in American and British World War II Propaganda Posters and Magazine Advertisements”
Advisor: Gregory Schroeder, History
This thesis is an attempt to look at World War II era propaganda campaigns—one of the most influential forces in mobilizing a nation for war—aimed at British and German women. It is not an attempt to explain how or who propaganda campaigns work in general, but it is rather an attempt to look at these particular campaigns in light of the fact that these opposing sides to World War II succeeded in mobilizing both men and women. My approach will look at how each side manipulated the idea of who, what and how a woman should be, do, and act in a national crisis in order to encourage them to participate in the war effort.
“Exploring Experience and God: The role of encountering injustice in shaping images of God.”
Advisor: Dan McKanan, Theology
The role of experience in theology is profound. I am convinced that our awareness of social injustice shapes the way we think about God. In an attempt to talk about how and why that happens, I have written about some amazing folks: Oscar Romero, Dan Berrigan, Dorothee Soelle, our own Mike Sersch and a couple more social justice heroes. Their images of God come out of their experiences of being gripped by injustice. The paper comes out of personal exploration of the impact my own experiences have had on my changing god images. This work is an attempt to weave a lot of stories together while thinking theologically about the connection between encountering injustice and images of God.
Ben R. Franck
“Computer Vision: Image, Analysis and Recognition”
Advisor: Carl Burch, Computer Science
We all know a mouse or keyboard can control computes, but is that they only way of communicating with a computer? This is the question our project addresses. We suspect that through the use of primitive algorithms we can write a program that will control a computer without ever having the user touch it. With a web camera, we can analyze the images it takes and determine what signal the user communicated to the camera. For our project we will use the five different hand signals, one through five. These five different signals, as recognized by our program, can then be used to control the computer with no direct user contact. This means that we can control the computer from a distance without touching the computer or speaking to the computer verbally.
“Tyrosinase Concentration and Specific Activity in Five World Mushroom Species of Central Minnesota: A Biochemical Analysis”
Advisor: David Mitchell, Biology
Tyrosinase is a copper-containing enzyme with a total molecular weight of 128,000 that catalyzes two types of reactions: the hydroxylation of an orthro-phenol and the oxidation of L-3, 4 dihydroxyphenlyalanine (L-DOPA) to an orthro-quinone. In mammals, tyrosinase acts within pigment producing cells, called melanocytes, in the pathway that formulates melanin. If for some reason, this mechanism becomes dysfunctional, cancer or vitiligo may develop. In plants and fungi tyrosinase is believed to act at a bruise site to convert phenols to quinines, which may aid in a metabolic signaling response. Tyrosinase also acts in the browning of fruits and fungi, and thus its study and further understanding may provide economic benefit to the agricultural industry. This investigation specifically examined the tyrosinase concentration and specific activity in five wild mushrooms that were collected in the summer and fall of 2001 in and around Saint John’s University. The five mushrooms collected were morphologically identified as: Agaricus bisponls, Agaricus placomyces, Leucoagaricus brunneus, Collybia sp., and Amanita bisporigera. It has been previously demonstrated that both the concentration and specific activity of tyrosinase differ between domestic mushroom species, but these biochemical properties of tyrosinase have not been examined in wild mushrooms. It has been previously demonstrated that both the concentration and specific activity of tyrosinase differ between domestic mushroom species, but these biochemical properties of tyrosinase have not been examined in wild mushrooms. It was proposed that this difference of tyrosinase specific activity and concentration will be found in wild mushrooms as well. In order to test this hypothesis, activity assays and Bradford assays were completed. The data gathered in this investigation showed that there is great variance in the protein concentration (with the solute extract values ranging from 46. 16ug to 82.91 ~g) and in specific activities (values ranging from 0.047 Units/~g protein to 1.21 Units/~g protein). Thus, the hypothesis that the differences in tyrosinase concentration and specific activity that has previously been observed in domesticated mushrooms will be found in wild mushrooms as well was supported in this investigation.
“Jpetra Vis: A Graphical User Interface for Matrices and Vectors”
Advisor: Mike Heroux, Computer Science
Visualization capabilities are a significant asset for anyone performing mathematical computations. To aide numerical analysts working with large matrices and vectors, I have created a class entitled Jpetra Vis, which is a graphical user interface written in Java for displaying such objects. This class has been added to the existing JPetra software package, which constains useful methods for linear algebra and numerical analysis computations. Jpetra Vis is comprised of two subclasses, MatView and Vec View. MatView takes in matrices and then passes the data to a socket, which is picked up by an existing matrix visualization program, Matvis. VecView takes vectors of numbers and allows users to display vectors via a histogram or x-y graph. The ability to graphically display large mathematical objects is extremely important for gaining insight into problems as well as checking the validity of performed computations.
“Vivisection and The Theory of Chemical Combination”
Advisor: John Kendall, English
"There is an inner logic and we're taught to stay far from it. It is simple and elegant, but it is cruel and antithetic and there's no effort to reveal it." This quote written by Greg Graffin for the Bad Religion punk song, "Inner Logic" sets up my creative honors thesis appropriately. It was this type of introspection, a searching for something else--is what I wanted to do and was the outcome of this project. For my thesis I split it into two parts: my own poetry and then my own critical analysis of that poetry. Vivisection is a study of learning how things work together. This allowed me to be on both sides of the operating table-as dissector and dissected. My poetry style stems out of a lack of language that has not been contaminated by exhaustive connotations that render language imprecise and insufficient to express complex emotions in a logical way. I turned to the language of science-a virtually untouched well of "clean" words that I employed to create my own "symbol library" apart from the muddled and often confusing use of worn-out symbols. I use the mathematical to deduce feelings. The result is a manuscript of original works of poetry combined with a categorized analysis that also contains my take on poetic theories. I found that "inner logic" is the language of science.
Shane S. Hoefer
“State Sovereignty Under Siege in an Era of Globalization? The IMF, The World Bank & The NAFTA”
Advisor: Gary Prevost, Political Science
The globalization phenomenon has had a striking worldwide impact on numerous aspects of culture, economics, human rights, policy-making and the state. This paper examines the effects of globalization on state sovereignty. In order to remain appropriately focused, the paper's scope is limited to examining a few agents of globalization and their effects on state sovereignty, specifically discussing the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the North- American Free Trade Agreement. As such, the paper develops a hypothesis that attempts to explain the relationship between those agents of globalization and state sovereignty. The paper concludes that these agents of globalization do indeed usurp state sovereignty. These agents accomplish this by way of restricting available policy options to national governments through structural adjustment programs or by way of affording private investors the power to sue national governments for punitive damages and policy changes via a supranational dispute settlement panel in the NAFTA.
Emily M. Holt
“The Lunes of Hippocrates”
Advisor: Clayton Gearhart, Physics
My thesis will be divided into three sections. My first section will begin by discussing the development of ancient Greek mathematics from the earliest natural philosophers up to Archimedes. Careful attention will be paid to those mathematicians most likely to have had a direct influence on Archimedes and, in particular, on his work The Method. I will then examine the historical circumstances and influences leading up to Newton’s Analysis by Equations of an Infinite Number of Terms. Next, I will compare and contrast the intellectual environments in which each of the mathematicians developed his theories. The second section will consist of a mathematical comparison between the two methods of finding the area under a curve. I will explain how each method works and discuss the differences in the approaches taken by the two mathematicians. In the last section I will discuss Archimedes in the wider context of Greek mathematical and scientific thought. Using ancient Greek philosophers, natural philosophers, scientists, and mathematicians, I will demonstrate how mathematics was an integral part of Greek culture, both practical and intellectual. By comparison with the work of the later, English mathematician Newton, I will show how Archimedes and in particular The Method are firmly rooted in the mathematical tradition of the ancient Greeks and demonstrate how this tradition differed from the tradition on which Newton drew to formulate his Analysis.
Tomas L. Holtberg
"The Personality of Richard M. Nixon: A Comparison of Psychohistorical Approaches and a Psychodiagnostic Analysis of his Undoing."
Advisors: Kenneth Jones, History; Aubrey lmmelman, Psychology
There are two main concerns under this project's overarching theme of psychology's potential and controversial role in historical analysis. The first is an assessment of how other historians have attempted to account for the unique personality of a man as prominent and influential as Richard Nixon. This will be accomplished by comparing the results and methods of this project's use of the Millon Inventory of Diagnostic Criteria to the psychohistories of Bruce Mazlish' s In Search of Nixon: A Psychohistorical Inquiry (1972) and Fawn M. Brodie's Richard Nixon: The Shaping of His Character (1981). The second issue is how a better understanding of Nixon's personality provided by the results of the Millon Inventory can supplement our understanding of Nixon's actions following the Watergate break-in. Why did Nixon make the decisions and commit the acts that resulted in his resignation? While applying these results the project will also consider whether any of the three psychohistorical assessments provide any predictive power for behavior.
Sara J. Johnson
“Family Matters: Cinderella Tales as a Survival Tool for Latin American Indigenous Cultures”
Advisor: John Kendall, English
Ever since Cinderella appeared on the movie screen in a wash of silver, blue, and "bibbidi bobbidi boos," she has become the most well-known international heroine. Although there are over seven hundred variants to her story, one is held above the rest: Perrault's Cendrillon. As the Western world colonized the globe, Perrault's story penetrated indigenous cultures, influencing their folktales. The study of the Latin American interpretations of Cinderella allows the identification of European colonial influences on indigenous folktales, showing how the native people, through their folklore, embraced elements of European life while maintaining their own unique ancestry. Indigenous cultures struggled to preserve their uniqueness under colonial rule but more often assimilated into the dominating culture. Latin American Cinderella tales function as a voice of hope to the oppressed indigenous populations because the heroine, while celebrating her heritage, is recognized and accepted by colonial society.
“Thank God I’m a Country Boy”
Advisor: J.P. Earls, English
I have had two addresses in my life: Collegeville, MN and Lakeside, WI. Lakeside is a rural township located around ten miles east of Superior, WI. My hometown and rural areas in general have always had a certain appeal for me, even more so as I’ve experienced urban places. The characters I’ve met in the country—grizzled old farmer-hermits, alcoholic high school football coaches, destitute woods hippies with PhDs—as well as the general lifestyle I’ve observed, form the basis for my project. My goal is to, through a series of essays, poems and short stores, capture the essence of rural and small town life. In a way, I’ve been preparing to write this project for my whole life. I will draw on experiences I’ve had and observations I’ve made from early childhood on to portray the area as truly as I can. The major inspirations I will use are Lake Superior, the woods and the members of the community. The sources I will use will be different for each essay/ short story/poem.
Dana L. Kelly
“My Mother's Hands; Memory, Loss, and Grief- A Solo Performance”
Advisor: Elise Robinson, Theater
The project itself began my first year in symposium. The assignment was to create a memoir in any style of our choice. At that time, the work I created was titled 'Mom.' In many respects, this work was created with the sole purpose of preserving and retaining memories in the most truthful fashion possible. After letting that work sit for a couple of years I decided to make it the subject of my senior project, a solo performance piece about my relationship to my now deceased mother and the many mixed feelings that accompany grieving. The process of taking a written piece and converting it to a text to be performed on stage was of interest to me. It also seemed appropriate to complete my senior year with a project that was begun my first year. My Mother's Hands was a difficult undertaking for many reasons but the many emotions experienced during the journey made the challenge both appealing and rewarding.
Joseph C. Keenan
“Achieving Altitude Acclimation Through Intermittent Exposure to Hypoxia”
Advisor: Philip Chu, Biology
Traditionally, training at high altitude has been associated with increased athletic performance. Altitude training increases the efficiency of the oxygen transport and utilization apparatus. By increasing factors like red blood cell mass, diphosphoglycerate levels in red blood cells, and mitochondrial function, an athlete’s VO (2max) can be raised significantly. Despite these advantages, altitude training has drawbacks that can limit its effectiveness. Hypoxia limits aerobic power, which can prevent elite athletes from reaching work rates they could achieve at lower altitudes. This limits training intensity, which in elite athletes can result in detraining. The “live high, train low” strategy is a method for achieving the positive effects of altitude training while eliminating the drawbacks. Using this method, an athlete lives at high altitude and trains low in an oxygen-rich environment. Several studies found that the “live high, train low” strategy yields greater benefits than simple altitude training. For example, Levine and Stray-Gunderson compared “live high, train high” and “live low, train low” groups with a “live high, train low” group. The study found that the latter had significantly greater improvement of VO (2max) and maximal steady state and had the greatest improvement in a 5,000 meter time trial as well. Other factors that increased significantly relative to the low-low group included red blood cell mass and blood volume. Several other studies have yielded similar results. Although it has been proven that living high and training low can significantly affect athletic performance, there is still no accepted minimum time of exposure to hypoxia that will still yield results. Recently, the idea of sleeping high and training low has arisen. Although some studies report significant improvements gained simply by sleeping high, the “sleep high, train low” strategy hasn’t been widely accepted. Altitude chambers have made the “sleep high, train low” strategy more accessible to athletes. Use of altitude chambers allows athletes to sleep “high” while in their home or local training center. This eliminates the tedious logistics of moving up and down a mountain every day, and also allows subjects to sleep at the equivalent of much higher altitudes than those usually available.
Christopher G. Kostelc
“Youth Mass: An Assessment of Appropriateness”
Advisor: Fr. Michael Patella, Theology
Through the exegesis of five meal stories from Luke, Youth Mass: An
Assessment of Appropriateness critically examines whether or not it is suitable for a parish to plan and celebrate a liturgy based on the needs of a specific group. In this case, the group in question will be high school teenagers from the ages of fourteen to eighteen The five meal stories are: the Feeding of the Crowds (?: 10-17), the Story of Mary and Martha (10:38-42), the Parables of the Prodigal Son (15:1-2, l-32), the Last Supper (22:7-38), and the Road to Emrnaus (24:28-35). This discussion seeks to suggest that the theological themes presented in Luke's meal stories can be better expressed to youth in the form of a youth Mass than in the standard Sunday liturgy. These themes include; teaching on the kingdom of God, the revelation of Jesus' nature as a historical figure and the resurrected Christ, sayings on discipleship, and the offering of hospitality.
“Women in the Minnesota Legislature 2000-2001”
Advisor: Robert Weber, Political Science
After interviewing the majority of the women in the Minnesota Senate, I attempted to determine their perceptions of the legislative process. In my thesis I illustrated the results. My results showed that in the past election women in the Minnesota Senate expressed that being a female candidate was advantageous. Once the women were elected they faced many disadvantages, mostly as a result of the importance of seniority in the legislature. The women interviewed reject the labeling of any issues as 'women's issues'. The female senators also believe that women use different methods than their male colleagues to gain support for their legislative priorities, and have a very clear idea of what the Minnesota Senate would be like if half of the legislature was women. Together as women these senators are politically very diverse, yet feel as though they bring something indispensable to the Minnesota Senate.
“Creative Interpretation of South Africa Today”
Advisor: Michael Opitz, English
I am proposing to complete a creative thesis about the South Africa that has emerged in the world after its first free democratic election of 1994. South Africa is a complex country with a past that has affected it immeasurably. The present South Africa is so completely intertwined with its past that the two are inseparable, and one cannot understand one without the other. I will develop characters and situations that illustrate how South Africa’s past has influenced its present. Using the novella form, I will follow a few characters through a typical, ordinary, yet extraordinary day. The characters I create will confront issues directly within South Africa, but they will also move quietly past other facts of South African life, speaking to the reader through their silence. Both situations will reveal important aspects of South African culture. They will encounter issues typical to South Africa, such as AIDS, racism, segregation, ignorance, affirmative action, and gender.
Anne M. McCarney
“The Case of the Shifting Ideals: Gender in the Nancy Drew Mysteries”
Advisor: Mara Faulkner, English
From 1930 to the present Nancy Drew has tracked criminals, solved baffling mysteries, escaped from certain death, and delighted generations of young girls. This mystery series, written by multiple ghostwriters under the pseudonym Carolyn Keene, has become a cultural icon. Always, though, Nancy Drew's main audience has been girls at the age when a character's traits and attitudes become ideals to imitate. My project is a comparative study of messages about the ideal woman included in three generations of Nancy Drew mysteries: the original books from the 1930s, the substantial revisions and newly written mysteries of the 1960s, and books written in the present (1991, 1996, and 2001). The 1930s mysteries, influenced primarily by ghostwriter Mildred Wirt Benson, idealize capable, self-reliant independent women in a female-centered but unlimited world. Middle period mysteries, in contrast, present a limited world where women are dependent on males for protection, authority, and assistance. They support and promote the 1950s domestic ideology. Today's mysteries emphasize a coed, peer-driven culture obsessed with appearance, image, popularity, and consumerism. These images reinforce messages found in the popular media, much of which is owned by Viacom, the parent company of Nancy Drew's publisher Simon & Schuster.
“A Comparison of Two Equivalent Real Formulations for Complex-Valued Linear Systems”
Advisor: Michael Heroux, Computer Science
Many iterative linear solver packages focus on real-valued systems and do not deal as well with complex-valued systems, even though preconditioned iterative methods typically apply to both real and complex-valued linear systems. Instead, commonly available packages such as PETSc (1) and Aztec (6) tend to focus on the real-valued systems, while the complex-valued systems are seen as a late addition. At the same time, by changing the complex problem into an equivalent real formulation (ERF), a real valued solver can be used. In this paper we consider two ERFs to find a solution for complex-valued linear systems. We investigate the spectral properties of each and show how each can be preconditioned to move eigen values in a cloud around the point (1,0) in the complex plane. Finally, we consider an interleaved formulation, combining each of the approaches, showing that the interleaved form achieves a better outcome than either approach alone. The effectiveness of interleaved ERFs is demonstrated by solving ill-conditioned complex-valued linear systems for a variety of large scale applications.
“Teaching Three Dimensional Art: A Program of Instruction”
Advisor: Brother David Paul Lange O.S.B., Art
Art Education should keep up with the times. Over the last fifty years or so, three-dimensional art has expanded and grown. There is a need for effective three-dimensional art education that is both current in its scope and also geared toward the current student. In combining my two areas of study, Art and Communication, I will compile a program in instruction on how to teach a semester in 3-D Art that will include lesson plans as well as information on effective communicative techniques catered to the learning styles of today’s students.
Andrea M. Priley
“The Effects of the Introduction to Psychology Lab Program on Undergraduate Education”
Advisor: Michael Livingston, Psychology
The effects of the Introduction to Psychology Lab Program were assessed at the College of St. Benedict and St. John's University. Former teaching interns (TI’s) were surveyed by mail to assess their experience of being a teaching intern for Introduction to Psychology labs. This survey focused on personal and academic gains of being a teaching intern, such as discussion skills and critical thinking skills. Such skills were measured by individual rating on a Likert scale. A second survey was given to students at the two colleges who have taken Introduction to Psychology in the past five semesters to assess the lab program from a student's perspective. The students were asked questions regarding their opinions about the lab and their overall experience. Two sets of statistical analyses were performed on the data using SPSS. The first set of analyses examined the overall experience of the teaching internship. The teaching internship had positive effects, such as an increase in self-confidence, on the former inters. The second set of analyses examined the Introduction to Psychology students' overall experience in lab and also found overall positive effects, such as being taught by a "peer." Results were discussed as they related to theory of effective college teaching and previous research on the effectiveness of using undergraduates as peer teachers.
"The Performance of Conglomerate Corporations: Unsystematic Risk and Jensen's Alpha"
Advisor: Charles Rambeck, Economics
Conglomerate mergers involve merging with a firm which is completely unrelated to the acquiring firm's main line of business. Conglomerates became the popular corporate entity during the third merger wave occurring in the mid-1960s. The rise in the popularity of the conglomerate corporate structure was the result of stricter enforcement against horizontal and vertical mergers which the federal trade commission believed had tendencies to reduce competition. The capital asset pricing model is used to obtain "Jensen's Alpha", which is a measure of conglomerate firm's ability to engage in mergers which are able to exploit synergistic benefits and outperform the markets prediction. The correlation coefficient rim is a measure which identifies conglomerates ability to reduce unsystematic risk through diversification. Using these performance measures eighteen conglomerate corporations were examined from 1984 to 2001. Consequently, conglomerate corporations do not completely eliminate unsystematic risk through the diversification of separate lines of businesses and fail to engage in mergers that outperform the markets prediction.
"Children's Preferences Toward Doctors: A Pilot Study Focusing on Ethnicity and Gender"
Advisor: Stephen Stelzner
Although some research has been done to explore the effects of ethnicity and gender on children’s preferences for people in a general sense, these factors have not been adequately investigated in regard to children's attitudes toward their pediatricians. In this pilot study, 12 fifth and sixth graders of various ethnicities were given a survey which asked them to rate their comfort level with eight pictures of doctors. These pictures contained a male and female representation of the following ethnic groups: African American, Hispanic American, Asian American, and Caucasian American. Despite the small sample size, there were noticeable trends specific to the way in which children of different ethnicities rated the doctors. Gender also seemed to play a large role in the children's preferences, with most of the children preferring doctors of the same gender. These preliminary findings indicate the need for further research in this area.
“Scenery for Broken Hearts”
Advisor: Brother David Paul Lange, OSB
I created scenery for a one act play entitled Broken Hearts, which is an adaptation of three Oscar Wilde stories: The Birthday of the Infanta, The Devoted Friend, and The Happy Prince. The play was performed by St. John's Preparatory School. The prep school had certain stipulations the set had to meet. These included the ability for the set to fit in the back of a school bus, to be erected and struck quickly, and to be done by younger high school students. My work became creating scenery that conveyed the meaning that I felt the play exuded while at the same time considering all of the logistical aspects involved. Working in collaboration with Brother Paul Vincent Niebauer and John Ludwig, a plan for the set was formed. The set consists of only one piece of structural scenery that transformed to meet the needs of three scenes. There are two large screens that were placed peripheral to the audience's attention which carried images to connote meaning, and a large screen provided by the prep school which carried a backdrop setting. The images were projected from behind with slide projectors.
Jennifer Lee Sayler
"ADHD and Ritalin: Evaluation and Experimentation of the Disorder and the Drug"
Advisor: David Mitchell, Biology
Millions of children and adults worldwide are diagnosed with Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and yet its very existence, definition, and treatment are surrounded with discord and controversy. It was this dissonance that provided inspiration for research and experimentation regarding this topic. Beginning with a comprehensive background research of the disorder and its treatments, the two are brought together through an investigation into the effects that the most commonly-used drug therapy has on two strains of rats: Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) and Spontaneously Hypertensive rats (SHR). These rats were bred for their non-hyperactive and hyperactive characteristics respectively. The effects of the drug, methylphenidate hydrochloride (Ritalin) on specific parameters of blood pH, blood glucose, erythrocyte membrane lipids, overall growth rate, and spatial working memory abilities were examined in these two rat strains over the course of the experiment. Although all four physiological properties remained constant and normal over the course of the experiment, the spatial working memory abilities were inhibited in the WKY rats receiving the drug which calls for further study.
“Protecting Brand Image: A Web Based Surveillance System”
Advisor: Carl Burch, Computer Science
Each year, billions of dollars in revenue are lost due to trademark infringement and the inaccurate defaming of brand names. Corporate antagonists have quickly realized the fact that the Internet offers a quick and simple channel for any abuses they wish to broadcast to the general public. Not only that, companies have found it virtually impossible to keep track of the continuous tirade of trademark infringement given the extensive and ever-changing nature of the World Wide Web. Typically, guarding tactics in the past have comprised of employees surfing the web to track the illegal use of their company’s brand name and/or logo. Through my research I am proposing a less expensive and more efficient alternative in the form of a web-based form. The information entered by the company in a HTML form is then sent via a scripting process to a program that will search the Web and return results ranked based on relevancy.
“Contemporary German Women Artists Redefine the Art World: The Influence of Modern Avant-Garde Women Artists on the Success of Rebecca Horn. Rosemarie Trockel and Angela Hampel”
Advisor: Lisa Ohm, Modern and Classical Languages
In Germany, leading avant-garde women artists from the modern period, especially the Dada Movement, attempted to redefine the male-dominated art world on their own terms. Contemporary women artists, building on those historical roots, are continuing that redefinition and ultimately are gaining increased public recognition. The careers of three contemporary German women artists Rebecca Horn and Rosemarie Trockel from former West Germany and Angela Hampel from former East Germany, confirm the experience of earlier avant-garde women artists who found that redefinition of the feminine within art and society was vital to their success. Although obstacles remain, contemporary women artists in the now united Germany are compelling the art world to balance exhibition ratios between males and females and an art society no longer limited by traditional roles. Through their provocative works these women are persuading the art world to redefine its canonical roots.
Michael T. Weaver
“Protest, Radicalism and Militancy in Spain’s Basque Country: The Basque Nationalist Movement and the persistent Struggle of ETA”
Advisor: Manju Parikh, Political Science
The Basque separatist group ETA (Basque Homeland and Freedom) began its armed struggle against the Spanish state in the 1960s during the repressive Franco dictatorship. After Franco's 1975 death, Spain transitioned to democracy and wrote a new constitution that allowed the granting of regional autonomy to the Basque region. Despite the liberal regime change however, support continues for ETA' s radical agenda. This thesis provides an understanding of the causes of radical Basque nationalism while examining the persistence of ETA throughout Spain's democratic period. ETA's separatist agenda receives support because there is a wide gap between the official concessions recognizing Basque autonomy and in reality, the pursuit of many discriminatory policies against the Basques by the Spanish government. What does the future hold? Continued repression and increased ETA militancy? Is there a way out? The thesis examines the costs and benefits of keeping the status quo for each side.
“Hemingway’s Portrait of Heroism: A Study of Gender Differences”
Advisor: Charles Thornbury, English
Ernest Hemingway remains an interesting writer nearly forty years after his death because his works can be read in numerous ways. Literary texts seem to survive or disappear over time depending on whether they become part of a cultural conversation. The way Hemmingway wrote about heroism and gender continues to be discussed by scholars, students, and critics, both formally and informally. Many people view Hemingway’s male characters as the embodiment of heroism and masculinity, living in a world that revolves around war, hunting, and bullfighting. His female creations, on the other hand, are often perceived weak, fragile, or, at best, independent. Yet these classifications seem too simple to be true, seeing as how debate about Hemingway’s writing refuses to disappear. After all, if his character’s lives were so simple, their treatment so clear, there would be little reason to ponder their meaning years after they were first introduced to readers. For my Honors thesis, then, I propose to study Ernest Hemingway and gender attributes given to his characters, with an emphasis on heroism in men. There are numerous indications Hemingway himself was conscious of gender in writing: a title such as “Men Without Women,” for one of his stories is an example. In examining the “gender” of characters, I would study the sexual differentiation given them because of their biological and perceived social differences. However, I do not necessarily intend to ascribe certain value to what Hemingway wrote about, for instance, whether it is morally correct. Rather, I want to examine variation among characters for its own sake, perhaps attending to why Hemingway would perceive genders in specific ways based on his life. Moreover, to properly investigate Hemingway’s genders, I feel it would be fruitful to look at his concept of love. The way male and female characters interact when passion is shared between them will explain much about their differences. It seems that men who are deeply romantic and emotional cannot simply be barbarians concerned only with bravery and death. Likewise, women who are independent and brave cannot simply be defined as weak and colorless. While it is possible Hemingway’s creations often fall into these stereotypes, there seems to be much more below the surface.
Luke A. Yurczyk
“A “Nobler” Approach to Regulatory Reform: The Occupational Safety and Health Administration and Its Relationship to the Disadvantaged Corporate Citizen”
Advisor: Kay Wolsborn, Political Science
Since its creation in 1970, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration has been scrutinized, criticized, and reformed. Professor of Political Science, Charles Noble, in his book Liberalism at Work: the Rise and Fall of OSHA, criticizes our socioeconomic system for creating an OSHA that does little to protect a disadvantaged working class. He criticizes the two economic schools of thought on the reform of OSHA -market- conservatism and rationalism. The market-conservative approach allows the market forces of supply and demand to regulate worker safety. The rationalist approach, on the other hand, calls for cost-oriented governmental regulation of worker safety. Those schools of thought, Noble contends, favor business interests, while doing little to advance the cause of worker safety. The OSHA that exists today is actually the product of many economic and non-economic schools of thought, but it is not the impotent agency that Noble describes. Today's OSHA is an agency that protects workers, while simultaneously protecting another disadvantaged group that Noble fails to recognize - small businesses.